Do you know geography?

The capital of Canada is Ottawa


Ottawa is more than a collection of roads and buildings. It's also a place where the water, air, land, plants, and animals are all connected together, forming what we call ecosystems. We are also connected to these ecosystems and we depend on them for clean air and water.

If you had come to this area 400 years ago or earlier, you would have found a land blanketed by forests. You would see the Ottawa River, which the Algonquin people native to the area called Kichi Sibi, running wild with rapids that are today submerged by dams. Wildlife was plentiful.
It wasn't until the 1600s that the first French explorers paddled up the Kichi Sibi. Soon the river swelled with canoes bringing beaver furs from the west to Montreal. The hefty trade in furs done by the Odawa people, who traveled here from Lake Huron, earned the river its new name, "Ottawa", among the Europeans. Beaver populations in the area declined due to high demand for their fur. In 1800, an American investor by the name of Philemon Wright set up a settlement and mill on the north shore of the river. This settlement later became Hull, Quebec.

Capital city of Canada


Wright promptly got down to the business of deforesting the area, later to be joined by logger barons like Bronson and Booth. By mid-century, Ottawa Valley logging operations were sending millions of cubic feet of old-growth forest down the river to Montreal for export each year.