Do you know geography?

Blue and yellow in Ukraine's flag are for the colors of the sky, mountains, streams, and golden fields of Ukraine.


The overwhelming vote favoring independence in the December 1991 referendum cannot be insignificant, even if patriotism was not the primary motive. If nothing else, those who voted helped create a national icon: they took part in the ritual of nation-building that all other nations have undergone. In this sense, the referendum was less important as a barometer of public opinion than as a catalyst of national feelings and emotions, which should help create a new national identity'.

Growing popular acceptance of the post-Soviet, formerly nationalist Ukrainian, symbols of state, the trident and the blue and yellow flag, also reflects this emerging sense of identity.Leonid Makarovych Kravchuk is a paradoxical—some would even say slippery—figure. Until 1989 Kravchuk was head of the Agitation and Propaganda Department (later renamed, in the more modest spirit of glasnost, the Ideology Department) of the Communist Party of Ukraine. His primary job was to disseminate the ideological directives of his bosses in Moscow and Kiev among the party committees in the republic and to oversee their efforts at instilling the "toiling masses'' with the proper Communist spirit.As a clever politician well versed in the strategies that life in a Communist apparatus required, Kravchuk, according to this version, must have sensed that political survival demanded that he wrap himself in the blue-and-yellow nationalist flag, defend the nation wholeheartedly, and adopt the nationalist agenda completely. This alone could have saved him from political disaster.